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Canadian Immigration from India - A Completeness Check Guide on How To Immigrate to Canada

Step 1: How do I know my Canadian Immigration Eligibility via the Express Entry Program?

Your Canadian immigration Eligibility via the Express Entry Program are selected based on your abilities and capability to add to Canada’s economy. The economic immigration programs are managed via the Express Entry Program are.

  • Canadian Experience Class
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program
  • Federal Skilled Worker Program

In addition to the Express Entry Pool, candidates are also recruited by provinces and territories. As an online system, the Express Entry program manages applications of skilled workers for permanent residency. Two important terms you need to know before you can compare are:

  1. National Occupation Classification (NOC) code: The NOC lists all the occupations in the Canadian labour market. It describes each task according to skill type and skill level. For migration purposes, these are the main groups:
  • NOC Skill Level 0 (zero): Management positions throughout all markets and sectors. 
  • NOC Skill Level A: Professional occupations generally require a university degree. 
  • NOC Skill Level B: Technical occupations that typically need a college diploma or technical training.
  • NOC Skill Level C: Intermediate jobs that generally need high-school education and on-the-job training. A worker in this skill is not eligible for skilled worker immigration.
  • NOC Skill Level D: Labour professions are usually given on-the-job training. A worker in this skill is not eligible for skilled worker immigration.

Top 3 Canadian Skilled Immigration Programs for Permanent Residency

Eligibility criteria

Canadian Experience Class

Federal Skilled Worker Program

Federal Skilled Trades Program

Language skills

French or English skills NOC is 0, or A= CLB 7 NOC is B = CLB 5

French or English skills CLB 7

French or English skills For speaking and listening = CLB 5 For reading and writing = CLB 4

Level & Type of work experience

Canadian experience in either NOC 0, A or B  

Canadian experience in either NOC 0, A or B  

International or Canadian experience, in a skilled trade under groups of NOC B.

Amount of work experience

At least one year of  full time or part-time experience in Canada in the last three years

At least one year of  full time or part time-continuous experience within the previous ten years in your primary occupation

At least two years of full time or part-time experience with the last five years.

Job offer

N/A

NA   Additional points are gained for having a valid job offer.

A full-time job offer that is valid for a total duration of at least one year or a qualification certificate in that skilled trade issued by a federal, provincial or territorial authority

Education

N/A

Secondary high school education required.   But you can get additional points for having a post-secondary education.

NA  

Step 2: The Important steps to be taken in getting your Canadian Permanent Residency documents ready

To be eligible for the Express Entry program, you need documents such as your English language test results. Some report takes up to 2 to 3 months to receive. So it would be best if you began now.
During the different stages of your Express Entry application, you would need certain documents.

Essential documents needed For Creating your Express Entry Profile

A Valid Passport

It would be difficult for the Canadian government to issue a visit visa, study visa or even a work permit that would be valid past the expiry date of your passport. Hence based on the program you are applying for, you want to renew your passport before submitting your application.

In the case of Express Entry, you must renew your passport should it expire within six months from the day you apply for permanent residence.

Drafting a Reference Letter that works for the Express Entry?

After receiving your Invitation to Apply (ITA) under the Express Entry program getting a reference letter could be a rather challenging process since not every reference letter is accepted. In addition, if your reference letter does not state your professional work experience correctly, it could be a significant difference if your application would be accepted or rejected.

 The information that must be a part of your reference letter is 

  • You name as mentioned on your passport, do not use any nicknames
  • Your company’s contact details must include the full address of your company, including your postcode, the telephone number, email address, website address, and stamped by the company’s official seal.
  • The signature of the HR dept or your immediate manager
  • The business card of the individual signing the letter
  • Must include all positions held in the company and must consist of details for each position. Details to include:
    • Your job title
    • Your duties and responsibilities in the company
    • Your job status – if you are still working in the company
    • Your start and end date in the company
    • hours worked per week
    • Annual Salary along with benefits

What are the Language Requirements required for the Express Entry?

You must prove your English / French ability to qualify for the Express Entry program. You should also get the results that are eligible for the program. While completing your Express Entry profile, the results need to be included. The test taken for your language evaluates your speaking, listening, reading, and writing abilities. If English is your first official language for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the minimum skill required would be a CLB 7. Your results for the IELTS should be at least 18 months old while submitting your profile or permanent residency. While planning to apply, you have to ensure your test results for the IELTS are still applicable. If your result is due to expire before you put in the application, you may need to retake the test, decline your ITA and apply back in the pool to be reconsidered.

7 Key Steps to Improve Your IELTS Language Score for the Express Entry Program?
  1. Develop reading skills
  2. Some tips for ‘true/false not given’ questions
  3. Increase your reading speed
  4. Enhance your vocabulary
  5. Be perfect with grammar
  6. Enhance skills with mock tests
  7. Plan well for the IELTS exam

Why is an Education Credential Assessment necessary for Express Entry?

Education Credential Assessment (ECA) is generally used to verify if your foreign diploma, degree or certificate is a valid document and is equivalent to that of a Canadian Qualification. The ECA report is compulsory if you have completed your studies outside Canada. There are various types of ECA reports. The ECA report required in your case would be specifically for Immigration.

You may only need to assess your highest education qualification in most cases. However, it is essential to include the reference number and the ECA report when creating your Express Entry profile. The report may also help you if you are looking for a job. The ECA report also helps you earn additional points for your spouse coming to Canada. You would not require an ECA report if you have a Canadian diploma, degree, or certificate. Education is worth 150 CRS points, plus another 50 points when combined with Canadian work experience or language skills. Hence, you can earn up to 200 points with excellent education credentials.

How to get a Police Certificate for the Express Entry?

It is often time-consuming and a long process to get a police certificate. Generally, you may want to consider applying for one as soon as you have submitted your profile. If you have received an ITA, you should apply for one immediately. Candidates who have a criminal record or who may pose a risk to the security in Canada may not be allowed in Canada.

Medicals Examination Canadian Visa

When submitting your application for permanent residency and arriving in Canada, the results for the medical exams must be valid. Hence you may want to consider getting your medical exams done as close as possible to submit your application for permanent residency.

How to Proof my funds when immigrating to Canada via Express Entry?

You have to prove that you have sufficient money to settle in Canada under the Express Entry Program. You need to produce relevant documents for proof if you receive an ITA. The size of your family will determine the amount of money you need to support your family. Your family size includes you, your spouse, and your dependent children for calculation purposes.

The table below demonstrates the required amount needed to immigrate to Canada.

No of Members in the Family

Proof of Funds Needed  (In-CAD)

1

$13,213

2

$16,449

3

$20,222

4

$24,553

5

$27,847

6

$31,407

7

$34,967

For each additional family member

$3,560

The funds must be available to you. E.g., you cannot use evaluation on the property as proof of funds. You are also not allowed to borrow this money from another person. This money needs to be used to pay for your family’s living costs in Canada. In case your spouse is accompanying you, in that case, you may also count the money you have together with the joint accounts. Besides, you need to prove you have access to the funds. The funds need to be available at the time of application and once you are issued your permanent residency visa. To prove the funds are accessible, you may need official letters from your bank where your money is deposited.

The letter is to be printed on the bank letterhead; it should include the contact details of the bank(i.e. branch address, phone number and email address); the document must also have your name added. In addition, it should list the outstanding debts, e.g. credit card balance, personal loans etc. Finally, it must also include each current bank and investment a/c; you’re a/c no, the date the a/c was opened, the current balance in each a/c and the average balance over the last six months. While travelling to Canada for the first time after receiving your permanent residency, you should inform the border officer if you carry more than CAD 10,000.

Step 3: How to correctly Submit your Express Entry Profile?

How to fill out your Express Entry form online?

One of the first things you need to do while immigration to Canada is submit your profile into the Express Entry pool. Once in the pool, you are placed with other eligible candidates. Your human capital factors will determine your Comprehensive Ranking Score. Submitting your Express Entry profile does not always guarantee an ITA. You are required to answer a few questions to check your eligibility. This should usually take around fifteen minutes to complete. For example, if you are married, one of you has to be the principal applicant while the other is listed as a dependent. To qualify, the primary (principal) applicant must meet the requirements for eligibility by earning the most points under the Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP) and the Express Entry Program via the Comprehensive Ranking System.

How to create your Express Entry Profile?

The tool will automatically guide you to completing your online account for the Express Entry if you are eligible. Follow the instructions while creating your account. To complete your profile, you need information about the ECA report, IELTS score etc. You would also need to enter your job title and your NOC code. Once you are, you have 60days to submit a completed profile.

What to do while you wait in the Express Entry pool?

It would make your life easier to apply if your documents were ready before you received your ITA. During this time, make sure that your language test is still valid. Remember your language test (IELTS) has a two-year validity duration and should be valid on the date of application for your permanent residency. Should your results expire before you apply, you may have to retake the IELTS test or maybe even have to decline your ITA.

Also, you would need to ensure you get a police clearance certificate for yourself and members of your family who are eighteen years or older. Should you be applying from India, you need to make an application at least three weeks in advance. While in the pool you additional factors that can help increase your CRS score may include:

  • Higher language proficiency in English or French
  • Bilingual in English and French
  • A PhD or a Master degree
  • Experience of working in Canada
  • A sibling (brother/sister) currently residing in Canada
  • A work permit from a Canadian employer

For a provincial nomination, you should also ensure the details in your profile are true and accurate for the entire duration. In addition, you must provide your profile is constantly updated if you begin a new job, lose a job, get married, have a new child, etc. Should the immigration officer find out that you have provided false information or failed to update your details, your application could be refused or could even bar you for five years?

What do you do after you receive your ITA for Permanent Residency?

Should you receive an ITA for permanent residency, you would receive a message from your registered account informing you which program you have been invited to and what would be the next steps you need to take. At this point, you will need to submit proof for the information provided while applying for your Express Entry profile. You need to check under which program you have been invited to apply. Should there be a change in the situation after receiving your ITA you, need to recalculate your score before proceeding with your application? Should the recalculated score be lower than your round of invitations, you must decline the ITA. Changes that may lower your count would be 

  • Not having a valid job offer anymore
  • Not having a PNP nomination anymore
  • Your language scores may have expired and may be lower after retesting

Should you wish to decline your ITA, you will re-enter the Express Entry pool and be considered for future invitation rounds (provided you are still eligible). Keep in mind the cut-off score may be different for each round. Hence there could be a possibility you may not be able to apply again. If you choose not to decline an ITA and do not even apply within the stipulated 60 day period, your profile will be deleted from the pool. 

Step 4. How to apply for your permanent resident after receiving your ITA?

Filling out the forms for your Express Entry

The validity of your ITA is for 60 days only. Hence it would be best if you began filling the forms immediately. While filling the documents, you must answer all the questions honestly. You must complete all the mandatory fields, or you will not submit your profile. The application form may be saved and revisited as often as you like during the 60 days.

Scanning and uploading all your documents

Once all the fields are completed, the system generates a personalised document checklist. You need to ensure you get all the documents on the list. For example, should your document be in any other language other than English or French, a translated document in English, a certified photocopy, and an affidavit from the person who translated it must be uploaded? Should an accredited translator translate your records, you must stamp your document with the translator’s registration number. In addition, you must also indicate since a certified translator has completed the translation, you would not be providing an affidavit. Also, should your passport expire within six months from the date you apply? In this case, you should update your new passport number in your application.

Finally submitting your application for the Express Entry.

After applying, you would need to complete your biometrics. Make sure you pay your biometric fees while submitting your application.

What do you do after you have submitted your Express Entry application?

After you submit your application, IRCC will inform you of the date you must give your biometrics. IRCC will review your application, and you will receive updates continuously on the status of your application. You would also be informed should the immigration officer needs more documents. Post which a decision is made on your application to meet the eligibility criteria. This is subject to having a clean background, receiving your police certificate and passing your medical exams. The final decision on your application will be made known through your account.

Step 5: Congratulation your Express Entry application is now approved.

Should your Express Entry application be approved, you would receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residency (CORP) and your Permanent Residency Visa. The CORP will consist of your details and your photograph. Therefore, you need to ensure that your CORP and passport information should be the same. Should there be any discrepancies, you must contact CIC via your account. You cannot extend your CORP; hence you need to use it before it expires.
Once you arrive in Canada, you must ensure your passport is still valid. In addition, you are carrying your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) along with your permanent resident visa. You would also need to prove that you have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family.

Upon arrival, you would meet with the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA). The officer in charge will make sure you enter Canada before your CORP has expired. In addition, he would check your details as submitted in your application. You may also be asked a few questions to ensure you still meet the requirements to immigrate to Canada.
To ensure a speedy process, keep your passport and all other documents with you at all times. You may not be allowed to enter Canada if you give false information or convince the officer you meet all the conditions. Once your proper procedure is completed and found no problems, you and your family will be allowed to enter Canada as a permanent residents.


PS: Should you be carrying more than CAD 10000, you must inform the CBSA officer. Should you fail to disclose this, you could be fined or size your funds. In the next step, we will discuss how much it costs to immigrate to Canada.

Step 6: How much does it cost to Immigrate to Canada?

Canada Immigration allows many benefits, be it social or financial. For example, the Canadian government grants you free schooling, unemployment allowances, free medical aids, etc. So even though the cost for your Canada PR is almost negligible compared to the advantages you’ll gain once you are a Permanent Resident, how much does it cost to immigrate to Canada.

The Canada Permanent Resident Visa processing fees that need to be paid to the government under each program is as follows:

Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP):

  • Primary Applicant – $ 825
  • Secondary Candidate (Spouse / ) – $825
  • Children (Under 22 years of age) – $ 225 (per child)
  • Right to Permanent Residency Fees – $500 (per person)

Below listed are other charges you will need to incur to give you a good idea of just how much it costs to immigrate to Canada.

1. Passport Cost:

This cost varies between 1000 to 2000 INR and will increase with the number of people moving with you. A passport is an identity proof and validation that you give to the Canadian government.

2. Medical Examination Cost:

Before your migration, you must undergo a medical examination to ensure that you are free from any diseases likely to be passed on. This cost ranges from Rs 4500 – INR 600 (varies from place to place).

3. Police Clearance Certificate:

It is an official document issued after a background check made by the police officials showcasing your legal history. If a person has charges against him, he will not be permitted to migrate. A PCC costs around 1000 INR (varies from place to place).

4. Air Tickets:

It is evident that if you want to move to Canada, you will need to book air tickets to get there. The cost of a general aeroplane ticket starts from around 85,000 INR.

5. International English Language Testing System (IELTS) test fee:

IELTS is a test to check your English language proficiency. It is mandatory to appear for this test and prove your ability in the native language of Canada if you are willing to migrate to the country. For a single attempt at the IELTS test, you need to pay a fee of Rs14700.

6. Biometrics:

This year, the Canadian government has come up with a new requirement. Every Indian of the age group between 14 years to 79 years, applying for a permanent residency, study, work or visitor visa, has to give the Biometrics. A charge of Rs 5200 – Rs 10370 is incurred.

7. Right to Permanent Resident fees:

This is a mandatory and non-refundable fee that the applicants pay to the Government of Canada upon their arrival to the country. After paying this fee, you are granted the right to be a permanent resident in Canada by the CIC (Citizenship and Immigration Canada).

 8. The Education Credential Assessment:

This document verifies that the foreign degree, diploma, certificate or any other proof of education that you possess is equivalent to the Canadian education system. Thus, this is a mandatory document for all applicants. This starts at around CAD 305 to acquire this document.

Most applicants applying for permanent residency in Canada are often confused about how much it costs to immigrate to Canada. From the above-given cost, you would now have a good idea of just how much it costs to immigrate to Canada. Therefore, we can conclude that an applicant would have to pay an average of $1700 to CAD 1800 on visa fees during the entire process.

Please note: The prices listed above are periodically changed by the Canadian government and other entities involved. 

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