How does Express Entry (EE) work?
As an online system, the Express Entry manages applications of skilled workers for permanent residency.
Step 1: Know your Eligibility
Skilled workers are selected based on their abilities and capability to add to Canada’s economy. The economic immigration programs are managed via the Express Entry System
Besides via the Express Entry Pool candidates are also recruited by provinces and territories.
All programs can be compared here
As an online system, Express Entry manages applications of skilled workers for permanent residency. Two important terms you need to know before you can compare are the
a.National Occupation Classification (NOC) code: The NOC is a list of all the occupations in the Canadian labour market. It describes each task according to skill type and skill level. For migration purposes, these are the main groups:
- NOC Skill Level 0 (zero): Management positions throughout all markets and sectors.
- NOC Skill Level A: Professional occupations that generally require a university degree.
- NOC Skill Level B: Technical occupations that typically need a college diploma or technical training.
- NOC Skill Level C: Intermediate jobs that generally need high-school education and on-the-job training. A worker in this skill is not eligible for skilled worker immigration.
- NOC Skill Level D: Labour professions are usually given on-the-job training. A worker in this skill is not eligible for skilled worker immigration.
b. Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB): This is the Canadian standard used to recognize and measure the English language capability of adult immigrants and potential immigrants who plan to work and live in Canada, or request citizenship. The four language ability test are:
|Eligibility criteria||Canadian Experience Class||Federal Skilled Worker Program||Federal Skilled Trades Program|
|Language skills||French or English skills NOC is 0, or A= CLB 7 NOC is B = CLB 5||French or English skills CLB 7||French or English skills For speaking and listening = CLB 5 For reading and writing = CLB 4|
|Level & Type of work experience||Canadian experience in either NOC 0, A or B||Canadian experience in either NOC 0, A or B||International or Canadian experience, in a skilled trade under groups of NOC B.|
|Amount of work experience||At least one year of full time or part-time experience in Canada in the last three years||At least one year of full time or part time-continuous experience within the previous ten years in your primary occupation||At least two years of full time or part-time experience with the last five years.|
|Job offer||N/A||NA Additional points are gained for having a valid job offer.||A full-time job offer that is valid for a total duration of at least one year or a qualification certificate in that skilled trade issued by a federal, provincial or territorial authority|
|Education||N/A||Secondary high school education required. But you can get additional points for having a post-secondary education.||NA|
Step 2: Getting your documents ready
To be eligible for the Express Entry program documents such as your English language test results would be needed. Some report takes up to 2 to 3 months to receive. So you must begin now.
During the different stages of your Express Entry application, certain documents would be needed.
Documents needed For Creating your Profile
a. You Passport
b. Language Requirements
you must prove your English / French ability to qualify for Express Entry. You should also get the results that are eligible you for the program. While completing your Express Entry profile, the results need to be included. The test taken for your language evaluates your abilities on speaking, listening, reading and writing. For the Federal Skilled Worker Program, if English is your first official language, the minimum skill required would be a CLB 7. Your results for the IELTS should be at least 18 months old while submitting your profile or permanent residence. While planning to apply, you have to ensure your test results for the IELTS are still applicable. In case your result is due to expire before you put in the application you may need to retake the test, decline your ITA and apply back in the pool to be reconsidered.
- 1. Develop reading skills
- 2. Some tips for ‘true/false not given’ questions
- 3. Increase your reading speed
- 4. Enhance your vocabulary
- 5. Be perfect with grammar
- 6. Enhance skills with mock tests
- 7. Plan well for the IELTS exam
c. Education Credential Assessment (ECA)
ECA is generally used to verify if your foreign diploma, degree or certificate is a valid document and is equivalent to that of a Candian Qualification. The ECA report is compulsory in case you may have completed your studies outside Canada. There are various types of ECA reports. The ECA report required in your case would be specifically for the Purpose of Immigration. In most cases, you may only need to assess your highest education qualification. It very important when creating your Express Entry profile you include the reference number and the ECA report. The report may also help you in case you are looking for a job. The ECA report also helps you earns additional points for your spouse if he/she is coming to Canada. In case you have a Canadian diploma, degree or certificate, you would not require an ECA report. Education is worth 150 CRS points, plus another 50 points when combined with Canadian work experience or language skills. Hence, with excellent education credentials, you can earn up to 200 points.
d. Police Certificate
It is often time-consuming and a long process to get a police certificate. Generally, you may want to consider applying for one as soon as you have submitted your profile. In case you have received an ITA, you should apply for one immediately. Candidates who have a criminal record or who may pose a risk to the security in Canada may not be allowed in Canada.
e. Medicals Exams
At the time of submitting your application for permanent residency and arriving in Canada, the results for the medicals exams must be valid. Hence you may want to consider getting you medical exams done as close as possible to submit your application for permanent residency.
f. Proof of Funds
is essential, as you have to prove (under the Express Entry) you have sufficient money t settle in Canada. Should you receive an ITA, you need to produce relevant documents for proof. The size of your family will determine the amount of money you need to support your family. For calculation purpose, your family size is to include you, your spouse, and your dependent children. The table below demonstrates the required amount needed to immigrate to Canada.
|No of Members in the Family||Proof of Funds Needed (In-CAD)|
|For each additional family member||$3,492|
The funds must be available with you. E.g, you cannot use evaluation on the property as proof of funds. You are also not allowed to borrow this money form another person. This money needs to be used to pay for your family’s living cost in Canada. In case your spouse is accompanying you, in that case, you may also count the money you have together with the joint accounts. Besides you need to prove you have access to the funds. The funds need to be available at the time of application and also once you are issued your permanent residency visa. To proof the funds are accessible, you may need official letters from your bank where your money is deposited.
The letter is to be printed on the bank letterhead; it should include the contact details of the bank(i.e. branch address, phone number and the email address), the document must also have your name added. It should list the outstanding debts, e.g. credit card balance, personal loans etc. It must also include for each current bank and investment a/c; you’re a/c no, date the a/c was opened, the current balance in each a/c and the average balance over the last six months.
While travelling to Canada for the first time after receiving your permanent residency, you should inform the border officer in case you are carrying more than CAD 10,000.
Step 3: Submitting your profile for the Express Entry
a. Filling out the form online
One of the first things you need to do while immigration to Canada is submitting your profile into the Express Entry pool. Once in the pool, you are placed with other eligible candidates. Your human capital factors will determine your score. Should you be one of the top candidates in the pool, you are sent an invitation to apply (ITA). Submitting your Express Entry profile does not always guarantee an ITA. You are required to answer a few questions to check your eligibility. This should usually take around fifteen minutes to complete. If you are married, one of you has to be the principal applicant while the other goes on to be listed as a spouse. To qualify the primary (principal) applicant must meet the requirements for eligibility by earning the most points in under the Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP) and the Express Entry via the Comprehensive Ranking System.
b. Creating you Express Entry Profile
Should you be eligible, the tool will automatically guide you to completing your online account for the Express Entry. Follow the instructions while creating your account. To complete your profile, you would need information about ECA report, IELTS score etc. You would also need to enter your job title and your NOC code. Once you being, you have 60days to submit a completed profile.
c. What to do while you wait in the pool
It would make your life a lot easier to apply if your documents are ready before you receive your ITA. During this time, make sure that your language test is still valid. Remember your language test (IELTS) has a two-year duration and should be valid on the date of application for your permanent residency. Should your results expire before you apply, you may have to retake the IELTS test or maybe even have to decline your ITA. Also, you would need to ensure you get a police clearance certificate for yourself and member in your family who are eighteen years or older. Should you be applying from India, you need to make an application at least three weeks in advance. While in the pool you can also think of improving your CRS points by contacting provinces to nominate you for their PNP program. You may also further improve on your language score or may consider upgrading on your education or even gain new work experience.
You should also ensure your details in your profile are true and accurate for the entire duration. Should you begin a new job, lose a job, get married, have a new child, etc. you have to ensure your profile is always updated. Should the immigration officer find out that you have provided false information or failed to update your details your application could be refused or you could be even barred for five years?
d. Responding to your ITA
Should you receive an ITA for permanent residency, you would receive a message from your registered account informing you which program you have been invited to and what would be the next steps you need to take. At this point to time, you will need to submit proof for the information provided while applying for your Express Entry profile. You need to check under which program you have been invited to apply. Should there be a change in the situation after receiving your ITA you, need to recalculate your score before proceeding with your application? Should the recalculated score be lower than your round of invitations, you must decline the ITA. Changes that may lower your count would be
- Not having a valid job offer anymore
- Not having a PNP nomination anymore
- Your language scores may have expired and may be lower after retesting
Should you wish to decline your ITA, you will once again reenter in the Express Entry pool and would be considered for future invitation rounds (provided you are still eligible). Keep in mind the cut-off score may be different for each round. Hence there could be a possibility you may not be able to apply again. In case you choose not to decline an ITA and do not even apply within the stipulated 60 day period, your profile will be deleted from the pool.
4. Applying for your permanent resident after receiving your ITA
a. Filling out the once forms
The validity of your ITA is for 60 days only. Hence it would be best if you began filling the forms immediately. While filling the forms, you must make sure you answer all the question honestly. All the mandatory fields must be completed, or else you will not be able to submit your profile. The application form may be saved and can be revisited as often as you like during the 60 days.
b. Scanning and uploading all your documents
Once all the fields are completed, the system generates a personalised document checklist. You need to ensure you get all the documents on the list. Should your document be in any other language other than English or French, a translated document English, a certified photocopy and an affidavit from the person who translated the document has to be uploaded. Should a certified translator translate your documents, then your document must be stamped with the translator’s registration number. In addition, you must also indicate since a certified translator has completed the translation, you would not be providing an affidavit. Also, should your passport expire within six months from the date you are to apply? In this case, your new passport number should be updated in your application.
c. You are submitting your application for the Express Entry.
After applying, you would need to complete your biometrics. Make sure you pay your biometric fees while submitting your application.
d. Post your application
After you submit your application, you will be informed on the date you are required to give your biometrics. Your application will be reviewed, and you would receive updated continuously on the status of your application. You would also be informed should the immigration officer needs more documents. Post which a decision is made on your application should you have met the eligibility criteria. This is subject to you have a clean background, receiving your police certificate and passing your medical exams. The final decision on your application will be made known through your account.
Step 5: Congratulation your Express Entry application is now approved.
Should you Express Entry application be approved, you would receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residency (CORP) and your Permanent Residency Visa. The CORP will consist of your details and your photograph. You need to ensure the information on your CORP and passport should be the same. Should there be any discrepancies, you would need to contact CIC via your account. Your CORP cannot be entended, hence you need to use it before it expires.
Once you arrive in Canada, you need to ensure your passport is still valid. You are carrying your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) along with your permanent resident visa. You would also need to prove that you have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family.
Upon arrival, you would meet with the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA). The officer in charge will make sure you are entering Canada before your CORP has expired. He would check your details as submitted in your application. You may also be asked a few questions to ensure you still meet the requirements to immigrate to Canada.
To ensure a speedy process, keep your passport and all other documents with you at all times. You may not be allowed to enter Canada if you give false information or did not convince the officer you meet with all the conditions. Once your proper procedure is completed, and no problems were found, you and your family would be allowed to enter Canada as a permanent resident.
PS: Should you be carrying more than CAB $10000, you must inform the CBSA officer. Should you fail to disclose this, you could be fined, or your funds could even be seized.
Step 6: Know the cost for Immigrating to Canada
So just how much does it cost to Immigrate to Canada?
The Canada Permanent Resident Visa processing fees that need to be paid to the government under each program is as follows:
Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP):
- Primary Applicant – $ 550
- Secondary Candidate (Spouse / ) – $550
- Children (Under 22 years of age) – $ 150
Others charges you will need to incur:
This cost varies between 1000 to 2000 INR and will increase with the number of people moving with you. A passport is an identity proof and validation that you give to the Canadian government.
2. Medical Examination Cost:
Before your migration, it is mandatory that you undergo a medical examination to ensure that you are free from any diseases that are likely to be passed on. This cost ranges from 900 -5000 INR.
3. Police Clearance Certificate:
It is an official document that is issued after a background check made by the police officials showcasing your legal history. If a person has charges going on against him, he will not be permitted to migrate. A PCC costs around $15 per person.
4. The travelling Tickets:
It is evident that if you want to move to Canada, you will need to book air tickets to reach there. The cost of a general aeroplane ticket is around $1300- $1800 per person.
5. International English Language Testing System (IELTS) test fee:
IELTS is a test to check your English language proficiency. It is mandatory to appear for this test and prove your ability in the native language of Canada if you are willing to migrate to the country. For a single attempt of the IELTS test, you need to pay a fee of 13000 INR.
From this year the Canadian government has come up with a new requirement, where every Indian of the age group between 14 years to 79 years, applying for a permanent residency, study, work or visitor visa have to give the Biometrics. A charge of 4860 INR is incurred.
7. Right to Permanent Resident fees:
This is a mandatory and non-refundable fee that the applicants pay to the Government of Canada upon their arrival to the country. After paying this fee, you are granted the right to be a permanent resident in Canada by the CIC (Citizenship and Immigration Canada). The cost for the primary and the secondary applicants is $490, and the fee for each additional child is $150.
8. The Education Credential Assessment:
This is a document that verifies that the foreign degree, diploma, certificate or any other proof of education that you possess is equivalent to the Canadian education system. Thus, this is a mandatory document for all the applicants. You need to pay a cost of around 300 CAD to acquire this document.
From the above-given cost, we can conclude that an applicant would have to pay an average of 1700 to 1800 CAD during the entire process. In case you fail in your first attempt, you can avoid the unnecessary additional cost by applying for a Canadian Permanent Resident by taking the help of The Immigration Consultants.